Historical monuments are defined broadly not only as the single architectural object but also the urban or rural setting in which it was located. This applies not only to monuments of great artistic value but also to more modest works of the past which have acquired cultural significance with the passing of time.
The Charter spells out a need of archaeological excavation as an integral element of preservation and restoration process. Excavations should be carried out in accordance with scientific standards. They are aimed at maintaining preserved elements and taking appropriate measures for the permanent conservation and protection of architectural features and objects. The Charter opposes any reconstruction works in which dismembered parts are not used. The material used for integration should always be recognizable.