PLANNERS' VIEWS: Planners' views on landscape research – research types

The integration of AHM in planning has given more impetus to research in the field of landscape archaeology. It seems only logical to produce information about the historical landscape that one would like to protect. In planning, landscape studies have been at the core of the business for many years and much experience is gathered. Planners deal with a growing attention for landscape by individuals and international bodies alike. Many disciplines are involved, and archaeology or in a broader sense - cultural history - is only one of them. It is now commonly stated that mono-disciplinary or even multi- disciplinary approaches hardly provide adequate answers for the social and political problems that planning deals with. From the scientist's perspective an in-depth study of his or her discipline may be thought of as the way to communicate what is important, but from the user's point of view the wide range of specialist reports are dysfunctional. The view in The Netherlands is emerging that for AHM much can be learned from the planners' views on landscape research, because it seems that the way one may organise landscape research formulates a precondition to successful implementation in planning.

Four types of research have been defined with their own sets of rules, roles and problems that have to be taken into account when starting a project. Within landscape research the inter- and transdisciplinary research is seen as the main way forward. Many major funding bodies, such as national research councils and the European Commission, give priority to projects of these types. The first integrated research projects on cultural history and planning are presently being experimented with.